Labs/ Experiments

The chemistry laboratory is a place to explore and experiment. The goal is not to know that a scientific theory exists or a mathematical theorem provides an answer, but why and how. It is one of many stages that offer a collaborative, team-based setting in producing knowledge and connecting atomic interactions to the natural phenomena that we experience and see on a daily basis. The laboratory is beyond simply learning content, but the environment where students engage in learning from mistakes and problem solving.


Experimental Summary Guides help with bridging the connection between the application of chemical concepts to lab work. These are great for AP Chemistry laboratory review.

View all DATA & ANALYSIS SHEET tools here

For students or teachers - these tools allow you to input your data and then automatically performs all the analysis and calculations needed. Teachers: easy way for your to input data and check the quality of your student data. Students: this helps for you to do your necessary calculations/analysis within seconds.


KEY: 💻 = GoogleSheets tool available 📦 = Complete Lab Guide available

Unit 1: Atomic Structure and Properties Go to unit page

Lab #1.1 - Determine the Formula of a Hydrate 💻 📦 MAJOR AP® LAB

Lab #1.2 - Empirical Formula of MgxOy

Lab #1.3 - Iron (II) or (III) Determination

Unit 2: Molecular and Ionic Compound Structure and Properties Go to unit page

No labs currently. See unit page for activities and demonstrations.

Unit 3: Intermolecular Forces and Properties Go to unit page

Lab #5.1 - Chromatography - Drug Test MAJOR AP® LAB

Lab #3.1 - Gas Law Relationships

Lab #3.2 - Molar Volume of Hydrogen 💻 📦 MAJOR AP® LAB

Lab #3.3 - Molar Mass Determination of Unknown Gas 💻 📦 MAJOR AP® LAB

Lab #4.1 - Percent Copper in Brass MAJOR AP® LAB

Unit 4: Chemical Reactions Go to unit page

Lab #2.1 - Gravimetric Analysis of Calcium Carbonate in an Antacid Tablet MAJOR AP® LAB

Lab #2.2 - % Fe Content in Iron Supplement w/ FAS Standardization 💻 📦 MAJOR AP® LAB

Lab #2.3 - Determination Vitamin C content in Commercial Product MAJOR AP® LAB

Unit 5: Kinetics Go to unit page

Lab #7.1 - Kinetics of Crystal Violet Lab 💻 📦 MAJOR AP® LAB

Lab #7.2 - Iodine Clock Reaction 💻 📦

Unit 6: Thermodynamics Go to unit page

Lab #6.1 - Specific Heat of Unknown Metals

Lab #6.2 - Hess's Law/ Determining Enthalpy of Formation for MgO 💻 📦 MAJOR AP® LAB

Lab #6.3 - Designing a Hand Warmer MAJOR AP® LAB

Unit 7: Equilibrium Go to unit page

No labs currently. See unit page for activities and demonstrations.

Unit 8: Acids & Bases Go to unit page

Lab #10.1 - Acid Determination in Coca-Cola®

Lab #10.2 - Investigation of Carbon Cycle

10.2.a - Standardization of Sodium Hydroxide 💻

20b - Antacid Analysis

20c - Selective Precipitation & Leaf Jar Analysis

Lab #10.3 - Properties of a Buffer MAJOR AP® LAB

Unit 9: Applications of Thermodynamics Go to unit page

Lab #9.1 - Ksp of Borax

Cumulative Review

Lab #R.1 - Copper Cycle Lab

Lab #R.2 - Green Crystal Lab

R.2.a - Synthesis

R.2.b - Determination of Percent Water

R.2.c - Determination of % Potassium and % Iron

R.2.d - Determination of % Oxalate

Purpose of lab work:

In order to get the most out of lab work, it is important to keep in mind the main purposes of lab work is:

1. Develop an understanding of the complexity and ambiguity of empirical work;

2. Gain skills to calibrate and troubleshoot equipment and instruments used;

3. Learn to work with others (i.e., carry out complex tasks, share the work of the task, assume different roles, and contribute and respond to ideas);

4. Develop safe and conscientious lab habits, techniques and procedures.

Programs Used: