Unit 8: Thermodynamics

Learning Objectives for Unit 8 is located here.

You have previously learned about energy and its relationship to chemical processes (enthalpy). We will broaden our attention to other thermodynamic state functions known as entropy, a measure of "randomness," and Gibbs Free Energy, a quantity used to predict spontaneity--where the latter incorporates both enthalpy and entropy. To be discussed: spontaneous processes, entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics, Entropy changes in chemical reactions, Gibbs Free Energy, free energy and temperature, and free energy and the equilibrium constant.

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Notes & Examples

Unit 8 Notes

Example Problems, U8

Selected Slides/ Images U8 πŸ–₯


"The" H, S, G Chart


Reference & Resources

RocketBook Blank Pages

Blank | Lined | Grid/ Graph


How to Solve πŸ†˜

Complete List of Sample Problems below.

Practice Problems



Unit Practice Problems


Problem #1 (hydrate) (1) πŸ“ πŸ”‘

Problem #2 (hydrate mixture) (2) πŸ“ πŸ”‘

Problem #3 (emp formula lab) (3) πŸ“ πŸ”‘



Labs/ Demonstrations

Quizzes/ Assessments

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Quiz #8.1 -

Video Resources